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Food: Emergency Survival Guide:

Outdoors fire lighting

Emergency evacuation



Survival at home


If you are trapped at home by an emergency remember that it probably will not take more than 3 days the situation to normalise. Help from other regions will come to the distressed area. In case of radioactive contamination, the region will be evacuated anyway. If you have food and water for this time make yourself comfortable at home. Canned food may be eaten without heating in case of electricity or gas failure.

Milk and milkshake: Have milk powder at home, so you can rehydrate  it for your kids. Together with cocoa powder and sugar it turns out to become a wonderful milkshake.
To rehydrate it without the help of a electrical blender, join sugar, cocoa and milk powder. Mix it with a spoon. Add some droplets of water just enough to make a slurry. Mix well and add the rest of the water.

Premixing it before the whole water is added will avoid the mix to get lumpy. You don't need to heat it in case there is no electricity. It tastes good without heating.

Tomato cream:  One cup part of tomato paste, or tomato powder, two cups of water and half cup of milk powder. Make first a slurry of tomatopaste/powder and a slurry of the milk powder.

Remember: Have food for 3 days at home. You cannot have more, unless it gets very bulky, turnover becomes difficult and you will for sure have hoarded the wrong things.

Cereals, rice, grains, legumes and pastas are good staple food with long shelf life, however they need to be cooked. This requires electricity, gas or wooden  fire, and time you don't have in an emergency. In case of radioactive fall out all food should be left behind and the region must be evacuated as soon as
possible.

The German preparedness recommendation [1]

The German government recommends a food supply for 15 days to counter emergency situation, providing 2000 Calories/day. www.bbk.bund.de

One person ration for 15 days

The German government recommends a food supply for 15 days to counter emergency situation, providing 2000 Calories/day. www.bbk.bund.de

One person ration for 15 day

Cereals

4,5 Kg
 Meat
 2,0 Kg
 Vegetables  2,0 Kg
 Fruits 2,0 Kg
 Fats
 0,5 Kg
 Milk
 4,5 Kg
 Water 21,0 Litres

In this recommndation the following distribution is being suggested:

 Meat, fish and sausage 1 to 2 Kg
 Canned ready-meals and soups  4 Kg
 Canned fruits 3,5 Kg
 Canned vegetables 5,5 Kg
 Jam, honey 0,5 Kg
 Evaporated milk 5 cans with 175 g
 Milk powder  0,5 Kg
 Cheese 0,25 Kg
 Oil and fats 0,5 Kg
 Bread, log shelf life, biscuits 5,5 Kg
 Oat flakes, pasta 0,5 Kg
 Sugar 0,5 Kg
 Salt, spices 0,5 Kg
 Koffee, cocoa, tea 0,5 Kg
 Mineral Water 30 Litres
 Fruit or vegetable juices  5 Litres
 Vitamin supplements, Baby food  according
 Dairy products should total 3,5 Kg


 

A three days survival


The above German suggestions are not practical.  Anyway, serious emergencies comprise
an evacuation of the region. The following suggested amount of foods are fit for transportation and can be consumed on road.

Three days ration for 1 person:

In fact, you can survive 3 days without food at all; so get water and let the rest behind you.

This ration is fit for transportation and will keep you fed for three days.
Milk powder and tomato paste will be a welcome variation for kids.

The William Bell and Cham Dallas report on nuclear threat {2}
Mass casualties from weapons of mass destruction have low probability scenarios, however they are not completely unthinkable. Due to the combination of injury categories, death rates can be exacerbated far beyond that expected for any one of the injuries taken alone. Victims cannot move and could be consumed by fire or are simply left to die due to lack of resources. Others fall victim to poor sanitation due to failure of the main power, water and waste facilities.

Lack of immediate (12 hours) or even intermediate (48 hours) health care often results in the body going into shock or succumbing to infection, which would not have occurred had basic health care been available.

Preparedness to treat thermal injuries
Bell and colleagues expect that the total number of affected population by thermal injuries due to the fireball of nuclear weapon detonation is greater than that for blast injuries.

First aid: Kool with cold water. Cover of wounds with aluminium foil. Burn shock treatment by drinking electrolyte, fruit juices.
Be sure you have aluminium foil packages in your first aid kit.

Drive upright to wind direction to avoid fallout
Most of the radioactive fallout is downwind from the explosion and up to 70 per cent is in the larger particle portion, or "early fallout" occurring within hours. One principle of note is that the intensity of the radioactivity varies inversely with distance from the site of explosion.

With a steady wind, the pattern of accumulated dose of radioactivity assumes the shape of nested
cigar-shaped contours. Both early and delayed fallout result in the deposition of radioactive material in the environment, turning it necessary to evacuate the region.

The authors claim that looking to trees, the wind direction can be estimated. Driving upright to this direction avoids fallout. Safe places occur 2 to 7 kilometres upright to wind direction, according to Bell and its colleagues.