The consumption of simple sugar and and high caloric beverages and foods are considered to be major risk factors of diabetes and obesity. Chung et al. 2011 suggest that D-Psicose could become a strategy to reduce these risks. D-Psicose has 70% the sweetness of sucrose and no calories. 
According to “La Republica” four out of five bottles of extra-virgin Italian olive oil are cheap, less aromatic olive oil from Greece, Spain, Morocco and Tunisia. Italian companies import these oils for less then 25 cents, mix them with a small amount of Italian oil and sell it for up to 4,00 euros per kilo to supermarket chains abroad, to tourists and to wholesale trade. 
Seven executives of the Italian food companies Sunny Land, Sona and Bioecoitalia and the director of a certifying body from the Marche farming region of central Italy faked the origin of food, labelled as “organic” over years. It is assumed that 700.000 tons (valued 220 million Euros) of faked foods were sold all over Europe. Only 2.500 tons could be arrested. 
Witte et al.2011 write that increased consumption of ground beef or processed meat is positively associated with aggressive prostate cancer, whereas red meat that was grilled or well done barbeque is especially aggressive. 
Goh et al 2011 report that soy sauce may help to replace 33% up to 50% of the salt content of foods without reducing the palatability. The authors noted that percentage of salt reduction achievable may be higher in a population which already use soy sauce as flavouring. 
This method may be used in industrial formulations as well in home made foods, say scientists from the National University of Singapore in collaboration with soy sauce manufacturer Kikkoman.
The hPYY(3–36) has been identified to achieve weight-loss having a role in regulating appetite and energy. .PYY hormone concentration in blood serum are lower in obese people during fasting and after eating, compared with lean persons. 
Bisphenol A (BPA) is present as a by-product of interior epoxy coatings used to prevent corrosion. It migrates to the canned food. 
It is associated with disorders of reproduction, changes in the DNA and may trigger diabetes, cause failures of erection, and influences the cardiovascular system. It may hinder the evolution of the brain of fetuses, toddlers and small children.
Carmody et al. 2011 reports that food processing such as heating and pounding increases palatability and edibility and increase energy gain. The authors used a mouse model for their study and observed the gain in body mass with different diets of meat and potatoes, and considered the activity level of the animals. The mice maintained weight when fed with cooked and pounded diets, but animal fed with raw diets, whole or pounded, lost weight. 
Ellagic acid is a naturally occurring tannic acid derivative, a phenol antioxidant found in fruits and vegetables such as blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries, walnuts, pecans, pomegranates, wolfberry and other plant foods. 
Savica, Bellinghieri and Kopple 2010 resumed the effect of nutrition on blood pressure and pointed to excessive energy intake, obesity, high sodium chloride and high alcohol intake as primary causes of hypertension. Obesity is physiologically associated with increased renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and sympathetic nervous systems, possibly other mineralcorticoid activity, insulin resistance, salt-sensitive hypertension and reduced kidney function.